Contemporary immigrants can not be characterized as the "uprooted." Many are transmigrants, becoming firmly rooted in their new country but maintaining multiple linkages to their homeland.Glick-Schiller et al. 1995, 48
Say, migrants are embedded ...
Philippines were colonized by the USA (1898-1935)
US-Americans focus on education as a tool of colonization
Filipinos migrated to the USA with relatively little restrictions
Carlson 1983; Espiritu 2002